The Employees’ State Insurance (ESI) Scheme is a social security and health insurance scheme implemented by the Government of India. It provides medical and cash benefits to employees and their dependents in times of sickness, maternity, disablement, and death. ESI registration is mandatory for certain establishments and businesses, and it ensures that employees are covered under the scheme.

Importance of ESI Registration:

ESI registration offers several benefits to both employees and employers. For employees, it provides access to medical facilities, including free treatment and medication. It also offers cash benefits during sickness, maternity, or any temporary or permanent disablement. Furthermore, it provides a measure of financial security to the families of insured persons in case of unfortunate events like death.

Employers also benefit from ESI registration. It helps them attract and retain a skilled workforce as employees value the security and welfare benefits provided by the scheme. Additionally, it helps employers comply with legal obligations and avoid penalties or legal issues.

Eligibility Criteria:

Not all establishments are required to register for ESI. The scheme applies to entities that employ ten or more employees. In some states, this threshold may be reduced to 20 employees. The scheme covers factories, shops, hotels, cinemas, road transport undertakings, educational institutions, and other establishments specified by the government. Once an establishment crosses the threshold, it becomes liable to register for ESI within 15 days.

Registration Process:

The process of ESI registration involves the following steps:

  1. Identification: The first step is to identify whether the establishment falls within the purview of the ESI Act based on the number of employees and the nature of the business.
  2. Online Registration: The employer must visit the official website of the Employees’ State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) and complete the online registration process. The required documents and information include:
  3. Employer’s registration details (name, address, contact information).
  4. Details of the establishment (nature of business, number of employees, etc.).
  5. PAN card details.
  6. Bank account details.
  7. List of employees and their details (salary, date of joining, etc.).
  8. Generation of Challan: Once the online registration is completed, the system generates a unique identification number called the Employer Code Number. The employer must then download the challan form and make the necessary payment towards the ESI contribution.
  9. Submission of Documents: The employer must submit the required documents to the concerned regional ESIC office. These documents include the employer’s registration certificate, proof of address, a list of employees, salary details, bank account proof, and a PAN card copy.
  10. Verification and Issuance of Registration Certificate: The ESIC office verifies the submitted documents and conducts an inspection of the establishment if required. Upon successful verification, the office issues the Registration Certificate with the unique Employer Code Number.

Compliance and Contribution:

After obtaining the ESI registration, the employer must comply with certain responsibilities. These include maintaining relevant records, submitting periodic returns, and timely payment of contributions. The ESI contribution comprises a percentage of the employee’s wages (currently 4.0% from the employer and 1.0% from the employee). The contribution must be paid by the 15th of every month.


ESI registration is a crucial legal requirement for employers, ensuring the welfare and well-being of employees. By providing healthcare benefits and financial assistance during times of need, the scheme promotes a sense of security and safeguards the interests of workers. Employers must understand the eligibility criteria and follow the registration process diligently to fulfill their legal obligations and offer comprehensive benefits to their employees.


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